The last three years have taught me how much of what we know just isn’t true. Common explanations about when time keeping began and who did it are filled with misconceptions. The Babylonians and Assyrians, brilliant though they were, were not the source of all knowledge, as we are often taught.
Exceptionally precise methods of measuring time, pre-dating these cultures by vast periods, have been found around the world. Ancient ‘calendars’ or time keeping devices seem to consistently use two methods. One method was linked to the movement of the Sun, the second to the movement of the Moon. These two methods are used today and possibly for the same reasons.
The Sun’s movement dictates our seasons. The Moon’s movement dictates a time space ratio. Another universal application of the lunar calendar and has to do with spiritual celebrations. In the Western world, which was once considered to be primarily Christian, the timing of Easter depends on the lunar calendar.
Today our greatest source of ancient knowledge comes from records kept by descendants of the Vedic culture. The information they have made available far exceeds, in detail and precision, what is recognized by the cultures we are taught were the originators of time measurement and keeping.
Ancient texts, preserved within India detail time measurements showing units measuring from microseconds to trillions of years. The records also suggest time is a cyclical and eternal activity. The reader is encouraged to Google Hindu Measures of Time for greater detail and explanation.
The idea of time being cyclical is rarely accepted today even though evidence supporting such an idea is all around us: The seasons constantly repeat as do the days. Life itself repeats: a child is born dependent, requiring care and matures eventually reverting to dependency with age.
Astrology, whether it is Eastern or Western based are two methods of time keeping. The Tropical or Western method relies on Solar activity whereas the East Indian, or Vedic method, uses both solar and lunar information. It is the inclusion of both time keepers that results are different between the two systems.