The second source to confirm ancient knowledge is a collection of literature. The collection comes from the Vedas, the Upanishads and the Puranas of India. These volumes hold remarkable science, some of which our present cultures are only beginning to look at. For example, the Upanishads deal directly with levels of consciousness at a considerably higher level than can be dealt with today. A short explanation of what these works deal with will help the reader to understand the significance of the knowledge they contain.

When first found by the invaders of India, this literature was discounted as a collection of rituals to be performed to a multitude of gods. There were two reasons for the rejections. First, they were unable to understand the complexity of Sanskrit and secondly, much of the information was far beyond the understanding of the invaders.

For instance, in the Vedas there are references to the existence of multiple suns and universes. The idea of our earth circling the sun, the shape of our earth and the fact the poles are relatively flat. If that information isn’t startling consider the fact they recorded the distance between the earth, the moon and the sun. Plus, they recorded the size and distance of Jupiter. All this from what the invaders called an ignorant people! These are merely simple examples of the vast knowledge held by the highly scientific people of the Vedic culture.

Before sharing the knowledge held in these works it will be helpful to have a glimmer of understand of their origin. The Vedas flowed from a much older oral culture and were recorded prior to the start of the age of Kali, (3100 BCE) also known as the age of ignorance. The work represents contributions from a variety of contributors. Only information from the Veda will be focused on here. Information from the Upanishads and Puranas will be given as this topic expands in future blogs.

An example of the advanced science of the Vedas was the notion of the world being in the shape of an ellipsoid flattened at the top and bottom. Western ‘science’ didn’t move toward this idea until the Greeks, in the 6th Century, offered the idea of the world being spherical and replaced the Mesopotamian belief of the earth being a flat disk, covered with a hemispherical sky-dome above.

Recognition of the ellipsoid was discovered by Isaac Newton in the 17th Century. The flattening of the ellipsoid was determined in the early 19th Century and confirmed by the US World Geodetic System in the 1960’s. So, what does this mean, how can this information be used?

The flattening of the earth’s top and bottom is small, but vital in the calculations for accurate map construction. Secondly it is impossible to do single calculations which would be accurate around the world. The lumpiness of the planet demands maps be made in sections, as different reference ellipsoids must be used for different regions of the globe.

It is the application of this knowledge that makes the Piri Re’is maps, written about earlier, so very significant.

It is also the application of this knowledge that confirms the existence of a far greater knowledge than we have been led to believe existed, prior to the cultures of the middle East and of course the ancient Greeks.

As the search for understanding continues the direction will shift from simple evidence to a more complicated set of comparisons, involving the inseparable influences of culture and religion.